The rarely seen birds of Egypt by Ahmed Waheed

Ahmed Waheed

Ahmed Waheed

Ahmed Waheed is a conservationist and photographer based in Arish, in the Sinai. He is also behind the Egypt Geographic magazine.

Ahmed Waheed started bird-watching when he was seven years old. He would travel with his father, who was the manager of the Zaranik Protectorate in North Sinai. The protectorate covers 250 square kilometers, and lies just 30 kilometers west of the town of Arish, along the Mediterranean Coast in northeastern Egypt.

In the autumn, the Zaranik Protectorate is one of the main passages for birds from both Europe and Asia as they travel south to Africa. In earlier seasons, 270 different species of birds have been sighted flying through Zaranik.

For Ahmed, it is an amazing thing that birds weighing no more than 50 grams can fly every year from Canada to South Africa.

Now Ahmed is starting an online magazine called Egypt Geographic. The magazine will be devoted to nature conservation and raise environmental awareness in Egypt.

The Nile Valley sunbird’s habitat is all along the Nile Valley. The color of the bird’s feathers changes throughout the year. In the winter, males and females look alike. The sunbird is tiny, just 9 to 10 cm long. It has a pale-grey head and light-yellow breasts. Its bill is long, slender and slightly down-curved. In February, the male sunbird becomes glossy green, with a brilliant sulfur-yellow belly and long tail streamers that add an extra five cm to his total length.
Sand grouses are common desert birds. The species pictured can be found in the Sinai and Eastern Desert of Egypt. The sand grouse has a musical, “queeto-queeto” call which distinguishes it from similar-looking species. This is how the bird was given its Arabic name, “Qata.”
A close-up picture of the spotted sand grouse taken in the desert near Ra’s Gharib, Red Sea Governorate.
The cattle egret’s natural habitat expanded as cattle ranching moved from Europe into northern Africa, and, in the nineteenth century, into sub-Saharan Africa. The cattle egret feeds on a wide range of prey, including insects, especially grasshoppers, crickets, flies, and moths, as well as spiders, frogs and earthworms.
The Western Reef egret looks like the cattle egret but lives on the shores of lakes and other large bodies of water and eats fish. The Western Reef egret is also known as the Western Reef heron. It is a medium-sized bird with an extremely wide range. It is native to the coasts of tropical West Africa, the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf and eastwards to India. It sometimes appears in Brazil, the Caribbean, North America and the Cocos Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean.
The Western Reef egret has two morphs: the light morph, which is shown in the previous picture, and the dark morph, seen above.
The crow is one of the most intelligent species of birds. Egypt has two main varieties: the city-dwelling bird, which we call a crow, and the desert-dwelling bird, which is known as a raven. The crow often appears in folklore and religious stories, usually portrayed as a wise but sometimes crafty character.
The spoonbill gets its name from its distinctive bill, and can usually be found near bodies of water. The Eurasian spoonbill habitat ranges from open bodies of water in the summer to sheltered habitats in the winter. It sometimes nests on coastal islands, but is more often found in dense vegetation near lakes or rivers.
This little chick was found breaking out of its shell during a study of birds wintering on the Red Sea Islands.
While birds often segregate according to their species, precious resources like food and water draw them together in Ra’s Gharib.
Hoopoe birds can be seen in cities, especially in gardens. They defend themselves from predators by spraying foul-smelling excretions.
The Egyptian vulture is also known as the white scavenger vulture or pharaoh’s chicken. It is a small, old world vulture and has a wide habitat. It is one of the few birds that uses tools: Egyptian vultures use rocks to break open ostrich eggs.
The steppe buzzard can sometimes be confused with its more famous hunting cousin, the peregrine falcon. This beautiful raptor, found in the Eastern Desert, is not a good hunter but is still a raptor. In the United States, the word buzzard is often used to describe native turkey vultures, but these two species are not related.
The black kite is also a raptor, and winters in Egypt. A subspecies of the black kite is the yellow-billed kite. The distinctive shape of the kite’s tail makes the bird easy to identify.
Small birds fly by flapping their wings, but big birds lock their wings in place and soar long distances. Soaring birds fly only during the day, using hot thermal drafts to gain altitude and then glide downwards. Using this technique, they can travel over long distances with little exertion. In the photograph above, you can see a lesser spotted eagle and five steppe buzzards, all of which are soaring birds.
Photographing birds can be a challenging hobby, requiring knowledge of species’ behavior and migration patterns, and lots of patience. This photo was taken in Hurghada, Red Sea Governorate, in March of 2013.
This photo was taken in Hamata, Red Sea Governorate, in January of 2013.
In many parts of the world, bird-watching or birding tourism has grown into its own sector, giving tourists a reason to travel to exotic locations. But organizing hasn’t made it to Egypt yet.
Bird-watching often involves a significant auditory component, as many bird species are more easily detected and identified by ear than by eye. Most bird-watchers pursue this activity for recreational or social reasons. Ornithologists study birds using formal scientific methods.
Bird photography follows the old adage, “If your photos aren’t good enough, you aren’t close enough.” This marsh harrier was about 30 meters away from me, in good light conditions.
A collection of bird, insect and animal’s prints crossing the same small patch of ground.
In this photograph I am holding a steppe buzzard while preparing to “ring” it, one of the ways to follow migration routes. Photo by Dr. Zegula.
This is the Egyptian fruit bat, which is very common in Egypt. Bats travel long distances in search of food, eating fruits like dates, carob, mulberries, azedarach, figs, apricots, peaches and apples.


  1. AfriBats
    January 22, 2014

    Dear Ahmed

    Would you add your excellent fruit bat photo as a citizen-science observation to the AfriBats project on iNaturalist?:

    AfriBats will use your observations to better understand bat distributions and help protect bats in Africa.

    Please locate your picture on the map as precisely as possible to maximise the scientific value of your records.

    Many thanks!

    • Ahmed Waheed
      January 23, 2014
      Ahmed Waheed

      sure i will :)

  2. […] See on […]

    • Ahmed Waheed
      January 23, 2014
      Ahmed Waheed

      thank you :)

  3. Glenn
    January 22, 2014

    Great photos! I’ve visted Egypt twice but like a lot of people I didn’t see many birds except some when we traveleld down the Nile. I especially love the pictures of birds of prey!

  4. Sonja
    January 21, 2014

    Beautiful photos. Will you post one of an ibis please?

    • Ahmed Waheed
      January 21, 2014
      Ahmed Waheed

      thank you, i’ve some old pictures of the glossy ibis but they aren’t good enough to publish

  5. Rochelle Davis
    January 21, 2014

    Great photos and interesting article. Thank you!

    • Ahmed Waheed
      January 21, 2014
      Ahmed Waheed

      thank you Rochelle :)

  6. Prudence Baird
    January 21, 2014

    Stunning! I read of Teddy Roosevelt’s family trip down the Nile in the late 1800s in which he described the many beautiful birds he saw courtesy of a new pair of spectacles. His family had no idea he was unable to see and when he put on the glasses, he found that the world was filled with beautiful birds such as these. I feel like I just put on my first pair of spectacles when I see these magnificent creatures, so unlike any I’ve seen before. Thank you so much for sharing these lovely images.

  7. Diane Tayeby
    January 21, 2014

    Such beautiful work! How is your new magazine going?

    • Ahmed Waheed
      January 21, 2014
      Ahmed Waheed

      it’s still under contracting, thank you for your nice words

  8. Ahmed Waheed true artist he bears a lot of difficult times in order to provide those stunning images lively real wild, he is simply the best nature photographer in Egypt.

    • Ahmed Waheed
      January 21, 2014
      Ahmed Waheed

      thank you Morhaf, simply i’m following my passion :)

  9. Mohamed Ismael
    January 21, 2014

    Man this is awesome .. love it . keep the hard and the good work

    • Ahmed Waheed
      January 21, 2014
      Ahmed Waheed

      thank you my friend :)

  10. dianabuja
    January 21, 2014

    These are wonderful photos! Thank you so much for sharing, and I’m passing them on!

    • Ahmed Waheed
      January 21, 2014
      Ahmed Waheed

      thank you for your nice words and for sharing it :)

Screen Shot 2014-08-04 at 14.12.56

Challenging visual stereotypes of the Middle East


Escape from Egypt by Ebrahim Elmoly

A family sits for the last time in their home, which was pulled down minutes later.

The departure: The story of Al-Gesr by Khaled Elbarky

First puppet on the anniversary of the January 25 revolution

Giant puppets enter Egyptian politics by 
Ziad Hassan


A secret peace: In Egypt Buddhists pray


Ghalia Benali, the music traveler

Tacloban City in the central Philippines is in ruins in the wake of Typhoon Haiyan

The aftermath of Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines

Moaz Reda, the 10-year-old brother of Selma Reda, 15, who was arrested at a protest in Alexandria on October 31, 2013, and sentenced to prison along with 20 other women and girls.

Daughters in Detention: Alexandria families try to make sense of prison sentence

Interview: Egyptian photojournalists struggle under new pressures

Egyptian photojournalists and Panorama contributors Hamada Elrasem and Eman Helal talk to Voice of America about working in Egypt. For the past three years, Egyptian photojournalists have documented the unprecedented change roiling their country. From […]

Egyptian photojournalists working on the frontline

By Randa Shaath I reject the return of any of my photojournalists to the site of the clashes in front of St. Marks Coptic Orthodox Cathedral in Abbasseya. I already breathed a sigh of relief […]

Camera & Lens Rental in Cairo

In the last year Egypt has a few new options for renting camera lenses, bodies, and flashes.  Here is a list, if you know of any others please tell us.   Cairo Camera Rental Club: […]

Photojournalism and Street Photography – Workshop with Laura El-Tantawy

Laura El-Tantawy be teaching photojournalism and street photography workshop at Cairo Contemporary Image Collective May 26 to June 18, 2013. Sign up here: